NAIROBI, KENYA - AUGUST 15, 2011: Members of the Gange Youth Self Help Group in Kibera gather trash and transport it to a local dump site four to five times a day to generate income. Gange, which means "hard working," was started in 1996, and was the first youth reform project to take root in Kibera. Rashid Seif, 28, is a member of Gange Youth. "We manage to go on with our life. For now, we can make peace. We want to be a peacemaker. We must come with our own vision. We have the idea to be stronger than last election. In the past election the money was the problem. When you show youth money, you encourage them to do whatever you want. We want the creation of jobs, not just to be given money. We say to the politician, 'We don't want your money, we want job opportunity, job creation.' But the government are not thinking about the youth and the community. They leave the youth struggling in their yards. We struggle with this work."
Various grassroots initiatives led by youth have begun to improve the quality of life for those living in the direst of conditions, and young people of different tribes are using gardening, waste removal, education and athletics to encourage their peers toward a self-respecting and self-sustaining community. Termed “youth groups” on the street, these initiatives could represent the future of long-term socioeconomic development in Kenya while laying the groundwork for a more peaceful election in 2013. During the post-election violence of 2007 and 2008, impoverished youth in Kenya were routinely bribed by the nation's political elite to carry out acts of violence in their communities. Idleness among the youth, combined with the nation's history of tribal rivalries, were cited as a key factors to the violence, culminating in the deaths of over 1,200 Kenyans and the displacement of over 600,000. Since the violence, many youth have begun to seize active roles in the reform of their nation. In 2010 United States Ambassador Michael Ranneberger